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Identifying and clarifying environmental policy best practices for the mining industry–A systematic review

Gold mining has for several decades contributed to the socio-economic development of many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, but it has also caused considerable environmental damage and human health concerns in mining communities. However, despite the extensive proliferation of policies and programs aimed at addressing the adverse environmental impact of mining, limited attention has so far been paid to identifying what might constitute environmental policy best practices across Sub-Saharan Africa’s gold mining sector. To address this gap, this paper undertakes a systematic literature review of environmental policy measures and considers its broader implications for sustainable development in the context of gold mining in Sub-Saharan Africa. Of the 1,217 papers retrieved from the databases, 22 met the inclusion criteria and are included in evidence synthesis. Based on an in-depth analysis, we find that there are tensions and consensus in the environmental policy literature. However, ext…
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Oiling the wheels of sub-national development: An overview of development plan implementation in the Western region of Ghana

Ghana’s Petroleum Revenue Management Law provides for equal and balanced national development anchored on extractive resource revenues and other strategic sources. However, the allocation and expenditure of petroleum revenues are centralized. This study applied a desk review to examine the Development Plans of three district assemblies (Jomoro, Ellembele and Sekondi-Takoradi) around the petroleum producing area. The findings indicate that there is general pressure on social amenities such as electricity. In Sekondi-Takoradi metropolitan area-for instance, electricity access rate has declined from 97% in 2010 to 92% in 2013 and 96% by 2016, implying that population is outgrowing energy access. Again, about 70% of infrastructure projects were either not completed within time or are not started at all. Again, whilst youth unemployment was identified, not much has been done to address it. The study recommends that that district assemblies need to plan their infrastructure projects in pha…

Challenges and opportunities of environmental policy implementation in Ghana's gold mining industry

While a number of studies that have examined the nature and impact of gold mining in Ghana have often identified environmental degradationas a major consequence of resource extraction, limited efforts have so far been directed at exploring the challenges and opportunities facing the implementation of environmental policies within Ghana's gold mining sector. In addition, how the views of critical stakeholders can be harnessed to ensure the effective implementation of the current environmental policies in the gold mining sector has also received limited attention. Consequently, drawing on qualitative data that are complemented with the analysis of government policy documents, this study reveals that, lack of community participation, insufficient coordination among government institutions, inadequate personnel and logistics, and lack of political will are factors contributing to the ineffective implementation of environmental policies in Ghana's gold mining sector. The paper con…

Sustainable development in Ghana's gold mines: Clarifying the stakeholder's perspective

Using semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs), this study examined critical stakeholder's perceptions, experiences and competence in assuring the sustainable management of Ghana's major gold mines. The investigation was inspired by a synthesis of the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the global community in September 2015; it places human resource capacity at the center of a sustainability struggle between local and international businesses. The findings of this study encompass two opposing but interesting perspectives. On the one hand, the study showed that sustainable development is understood differently by stakeholders within the gold mining sector in Ghana, which is why gold mining companies employ different approaches in their pursuit of sustainability objectives. On the other hand, the study revealed that, as mining activities are similar across different mining companies, common understanding and operation of sus…

A LETTER TO AFRICAN PRESIDENTS

Your Excellencies,

I am an African from the stony town of Nandom in the Upper West Region of Ghana and writing to you from the Green and forested State of New Hampshire in the United States of America. I am a true African. I owe my existence to the rich and diverse bio-physical environment of our continent. I owe my life to the rich cultural heritage, abundant natural and human resources of Africa.  I have some questions for you which are deeply rooted in the African problem. The questions are; what happens to the abundant resources dotted across the continent? What happens to the proceeds from the gold, diamonds, oil and gas, bauxite, manganese inter alia?  What happens to all these resources, that, you our leaders cannot marshal to help us move from the shackles of poverty and depression to a continent of material well-being and prosperity?
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah advised your predecessors many years ago, 1963 to be exact that, “the resources are there. It is for us to marshal them in th…

Kperisi Shea Butter Women Receive Support From Evanhealy

Women in Kperisi in the Wa Municipality of the Upper West Region of Ghana have received support from evanhealy and its development partner WACA. The two companies are supporting the women get Fair Trade and Organic Certification for their Shea Butter products.

The initiative is to help provide livelihood support to the women in the form of capacity training in Shea Butter picking, processing, marketing, soap making among others to help improve their standards of living and the quality and marketability of their Shea Butter.

The women numbering about 35 have been assured of an already market in the United States and Canada. In this light, evanhealy and its development partner are working assiduously to ensure that quality Shea Butter is produced for the international market.

Prof. Wayne Dunn, President of WACA in an interaction with the women in Kperisi assured them of his company’s readiness to support them improve their lives by providing them with a constant ready market in the US …

Corporate Social Responsibility And The Value Of Stakeholder Engagement

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is when an organization or a company lives a good neighbourly life with the community in which it operates in. This is done by incorporating the ‘triple bottom line’ in its operations (that is, economic sustainability, social sustainability and environmental sustainability). According to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Corporate Social Responsibility is “the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as of the local community and society at large.” 

It is the stakeholder theory that gave birth to CSR. Stakeholders are generally people who have interests in a business and they include; host communities, customers, government, shareholders as well as staff of the company. The success of every business requires stakeholder engagement (both internal and external). The interest of the company to the sh…